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An attack on your crypto assets is inevitable: Slam the door shut on crypto theft.

Go to the profile of Wasim Ahmad
Wasim Ahmad
BlockedUnblockFollow关注4月5日

In 2008, the Federal Trade Commission recorded identity theft at the top complaint submitted by U.S. consumers. Now, these complaints
have grown 20% higher
and many involve mobile devices. Cybercrime is a booming criminal industry raking in nearly $1.5 trillion each year globally. You might also remember that in 2008 the
Bitcoin Whitepaper
was released, effectively creating a "purely peer-to-peer version of electronic cash would allow online payments to be sent directly from one party to another without going through a financial institution". Given the total market cap of cryptocurrencies was over $130.3 billion as of March 1st, 2019, it's no surprise that crypto assets are subject to the same kinds of attacks we've seen in the early days of mobile banking.


自加密开始以来,黑客和诈骗一直很普遍,但是他们有多成功以及他们如何演变他们的策略?研究表明in 2018 alone over $1.7 billion in cryptocurrency was stolen by hackers
,这是去年的三倍多。其中,"9.5亿美元是从交易所和钱包提供商那里偷来的,而其他7.25亿美元是通过"内部工作"获得的,其中包括欺诈性ICO,退出诈骗,分阶段交换黑客和庞氏骗局"根据区块链情报公司的说法Ciphertrace
。让我们来看看加密的演变,并从中汲取教训,以保护自己前进。

History


从2011年到今天,关于加密行业中的黑客攻击和骗局的头条新闻众多。下面的每一个都是近代历史中加密的例子,突出了黑客和欺诈者使用的各种策略。


Timeline

2011


第一个主要的加密货币抢劫之一是the Mt. Gox hack
,比特币30,000美元被盗。交易所审计员的计算机遭到攻击者的攻击,他们将交易所的比特币价格操纵到1美分。然后攻击者偷走了山的私钥。 Gox客户存储在热钱包(连接到互联网的钱包)中,并以人为降低的价格转出比特币。

2012


In 2012, the Bitcoin Savings and Trust investment fund shuts down
并且一年后被确定为欺诈性的庞氏骗局,被抢劫的投资者相当于280万美元。 2016年,罪魁祸首被判处18个月监禁,因为在新兴的交换媒介中存在经典骗局。

2013


随着加密货币变得更加主流化,彭博的一位主持人有了一个bitcoin gift card stolen directly from live TV
在锚点显示用于索取硬币的数字QR码的特写之后。所有这一切都是一个机智的观众,可以掏出一部手机,击败新闻播报员。

2014


又一次了。这次,Gox被黑了losing a total of 650,000 BTC
。无法从损失中恢复,所有交易都被停止,交易所申请破产。攻击者从未被发现,其他交易所容易受到攻击。

2015


成千上万的Dark Web用户看到1200万美元的比特币消失了Evolution Marketplace exit scam
。渴望利用加密运动炒作的欺骗性人们正在深入到网络的各个角落。

2016


这不只是比特币,任何加密货币和山寨币都可以在没有适当保护的情况下被盗。 2016年,损失了6000万美元The DAO Attack
。 DAO(分散式自治组织)建立在以太坊上,通过一系列智能合约运行,并由成员投票管理。 DAO的目的是集体资助成员项目,但相反,大部分资金在代码攻击中耗尽,暴露了漏洞,允许攻击者将资金吸入"儿童DAO"。小偷从未被抓住过。

2017


为了使加密货币的价格稳定,Tether发布了一枚硬币,它在交易所,平台和钱包中与美元一对一挂钩。 2017年Tether宣布转让nearly $31 million to an unauthorized wallet
。不过,他们还宣布,被盗的代币不可兑换。

2018


去年,针对交易所的黑客行为遭到猛烈攻击。在今年年初,比特币的价格飙升,加密资产的普及率达到历史最高水平。去年,世界各地的许多交易所和钱包提供商争夺了加密用户的市场份额,但许多人缺乏必要的安全措施,黑客变得更加精明和坚定。一个这样的例子是日本的加密交换Coincheck which lost a whopping $400 million worth
of crypto coins.

2019


早在2019年,我们就看到了一个有趣的案例QuadrigaCX, Canada's biggest cryptocurrency exchange, lost $150 million worth of crypto
据说是由于创始人去世,他是唯一知道私钥的人。然而,该案件引起了不确定性:创始人是否伪造了他的死讯?这是欺诈案吗?或者糟糕的应急计划导致资金无法进入?

Threats


尽管人们对安全性有了更多的认识,但黑客还是在操作员中愚弄,而一些运营商却欺骗客户进行欺诈。从过去几年的这些例子中,我们可以研究一些常见的加密被窃取和彻底丢失的方法:

  • THEFT : Traditional methods such as phishing, extortion, or fraud could subject you to identity theft.
  • HACKS : A critical detail about a coordinated heist from is that most of the incidents regarding stolen crypto have a common theme: the digital assets were kept in exchanges.
  • DEFECTS: Having your digital assets stolen is not the only way to lose money in the crypto world. Technical errors could cause funds to be locked up forever.

据估计,比特币20%的供应量是不可恢复的。事实上,在你的财富之后一直都会有盗贼,唯一的区别就是盗窃现在主要发生在数字空间。网络安全威胁正在上升crypto owners are prime targets
.


尽管出现了新的解决方案,但安全标准和易用性之间将存在权衡。此外,在使用离线钱包时,有一些安全基础将永远成立。

Prevention


加密将继续成为目标,所以如果你想长期使用加密资产,必须采取积极的预防措施。首先,不要将加密放在任何连接到互联网的地方。第二,不要相信集中管理机构(即使你不相信他们是敌对的行为者)与你的硬币保管。


相反,使用常识并将基本安全原则(如备份)应用于数字保险库。


硬件钱包也是一个很好的选择,但请记住要跟踪它并选择令人难忘但难以猜测的PIN码。备份您的私钥和恢复短语---总是如此。

Conclusion

We routinely store our cryptocurrency assets, for day-to-day use, in hardware/software wallets or in a centralized, online account. However, both of these approaches have significant weaknesses. In the case of wallets, if the owner loses the device, she risks permanent loss of all the assets. Wallet vendors provide 12/24-word passphrases as means of "last resort" backup. Owners store these passphrases as pieces of paper --- sometimes in a bank safe deposit box, sometimes in a sock drawer. That is a pretty odd medium to use for the highest level of security for digital money. This approach not only shifts the risk of attack on keys into the recovery phrase, but it is also subject to a whole new set of risks --- earthquakes, burglaries, mudslides and fires to mention a few factors in California alone. The paper passphrase, unfortunately, becomes an unacceptably risky single point of failure.

In the case of centralized online accounts, all of the account holders are at catastrophic risk when dedicated criminal hacker organizations target the online storage providers, which was the case with MtGox (2014), Bitstamp (2015), Bitfinex (2016) and Coincheck (2018). The delegation leaves users without direct ownership of their funds, negates one of the key principles of crypto assets and effectively forces users to fully trust a centralized storage vendor. That relegates crypto assets to same outdated setup as the legacy banking system.

As cryptocurrency investors start to invest in more and more coins, the number of accounts and wallets needed will also increase. Given the threat landscape, protecting cryptocurrency, whether for the short term or the long haul, is critical. A better solution is needed to prevent more high-profile hacks and the subsequent loss of assets --- some of it irretrievably. Learn more about how
Vault12
is changing the risk landscape with its digital custody app --- now available (beta)
vault12.com/getapp
.


Written by Kyle Graden
and Wasim Ahmad
.

首次发布于vault12.com/blog

  • Bitcoin

  • Crypto

  • Security

  • Custody

  • Digital Asset
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    Wasim Ahmad


    营销企业家,热衷于人工智能,虚拟现实,电子商务,数据科学,安全,支付,设计,热门汽车,食品,旅游,密码学和间谍电影

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    保护货币的未来

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